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Friday, August 8, 2008

List Of Major International Organizations

A number of international organizations have been set up to deal with issues that concern the world in general, rather than the interests of individual countries. These organizations are not linked to political parties but often become involved in political matters.

Amnesty International (AI)
Amnesty International is a charitable organization set up in 1961. It campaigns for human rights throughout the world and against the detention of political prisoners.

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
The IMF was established in 1944 and promotes world trade. It has 184 member countries.
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
These organizations help the victims of such event as warfare and natural disasters.

Organizations for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
The OECD was formed in 1961. It aims to encourage economic and social development in industrialized countries and provide aid to developing countries.

United Nations
The UN was founded in 1945. Most countries of the world a total of 191 – are members. The General Assembly of the UN makes decisions about peacekeeping and human rights.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF was set up in 1947. It works to improve the health and welfare of children and mothers in developing countries.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
UNESCO was set in 1946. It encourages countries to get together on matters such as education, culture and science.

World Bank
The World Bank was founded in 1944 and has 184 member countries. It helps developing countries by giving loans.

World Heath Organizations (WHO)
The WHO is the part of UN. It promotes heath matters worldwide and aims to raise medical standards and monitor diseases.

World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
The WWF was set up in 1961 and is the world’s largest conversation organization. Its main aims are to protect endangered animals and the places where they live.

World Trade Organization (WTO)
The Swiss Based WTO encourages international trade by establishing trade agreements between countries.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was founded in 1949, in Washington, USA. The foreign ministers of 10 countries signed a defence treaty that committed them to helping each other in event of attack. There are 26 country members, and the NATO headquarters are based in Belgium.

The Group of 8 (G8) is made up of the world’s leading industrial countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, The UK, The USA, and Russian Federation). The heads of the G8 countries meet each year to discuss global issues such as world poverty and security.

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